Обзоры литературы

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2017-19-3-413-421
ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ ПРОПОЛИСА В ТАДЖИКИСТАНЕ

З.К. Мухидинов1, С.Р. Усманова1, Ф.Ю. Насырова2

1Институт химии им. В.И. Никитина Академии наук Республики Таджикистан, Душанбе, Республика Таджикистан
2Институт ботаники, физиологии и генетики растений Академии наук Республики Таджикистан, Душанбе, Республика Таджикистан

В данном обзоре приводится информация о прополисе – продукте, получаемом из смолистых веществ, гуммированных и бальзамических, которые собираются пчёлами из цветов, почек и экссудатов растений. Это популярное средство народной медицины, обладающее широким спектром биологической активности. Уникальные свойства препарата связаны с его химическим составом и, более конкретно, с фенольными соединениями, которые различаются по своей структуре и концентрации в зависимости от региона производства, наличия источников для сбора растительных смол, генетической изменчивости пчелиной матки, технологии, используемой для производства и сезона, в котором производится прополис. Обсуждаются аналитические методы, используемые для разделения и идентификации составляющих прополиса, фармакологические свойства, а также, перспективы его изучения в Таджикистане.

Ключевые слова: пчёлы, прополис, свойства, фенольные соединения, фармакологические свойства, применение.

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Литература
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Сведения об авторах:

Мухидинов Зайниддин Камарович, доктор химических наук, профессор, директор Института химии им. В.И. Никитина АН РТ

Усманова Сураё Рахматжоновна, кандидат химических наук, старший научный сотрудник Института химии им. Никитина АН РТ

Насырова Фируза Юсуфовна, доктор биологических наук, профессор, зав. лабораторией генетики растений Института ботаники, физиологии и генетики растений АН РТ

Информация об источнике поддержки в виде грантов, оборудования, лекарственных препаратов

Работа выполнялась при финансовой поддержке МНТЦ, проект Т-2148.

Конфликт интересов: отсутствует

Адрес для корреспонденции:

Мухидинов Зайниддин Камарович

доктор химических наук, профессор, директор Института химии им. В.И. Никитина АН РТ

734063, Республика Таджикистан, г. Душанбе, ул. Айни, 299/2

Тел.: (+992) 372 258095

E-mail: zainy@mail.ru, firuza_nasyrova@mail.ru.