PROSPECTS OF STUDYING PROPOLIS IN TAJIKISTAN
1Institute of Chemistry named by V.I. Nikitin, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
2Institute of Botany, Plant Physiology and Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
This review provides information on propolis – a product derived from resin, balsamic and rubberized, which are collected by bees from flowers, buds and exudates of plants. This is a popular medication of folk medicine, which has a wide range of biological activity. Its biological properties are related to its chemical composition and, more particularly, to phenolic compounds, which differ in their structure and concentration depending on the region of production, the availability of sources for the collection of plant resins, the genetic variability of the queen bee, the technology used for the production and season, in which propolis is produced. The discussed analytical methods used for the separation and identification of constituents of propolis, its pharmacological properties, as well as prospects for the study of propolis in Tajikistan.
Keywords: Bees, propolis, properties, phenolic compounds, pharmacological properties, application.
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Mukhidinov Zayniddin Kamarovich, Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Full Professor, Director of Institute of Chemistry named after V.I. Nikitin, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan
Usmanova Surayo Rakhmatzhonovna, Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Institute of Chemistry named after V.I. Nikitin, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan
Nasyrova Firuza Yusufovna, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Full Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Plant Genetics of the Institute of Botany, Plant Physiology and Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan
Address for correspondence:
Mukhidinov Zayniddin Kamarovich
Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Full Professor, Director of Institute of Chemistry named after V.I. Nikitin, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan
734063, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Ayni str., 299/2
Tel.: (+992) 372 258095
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