Phthisiology

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2019-21-1-101-109
ABDOMINAL TUBERCULOSIS: RETURN TO SURGERY

D.V. Plotkin1,2, M.N. Reshetnikov1, U.O. Gafarov1, O.V. Belentseva1, E.A. Stepanov2, M.V. Sinitsyn1

1Moscow City Research and Practical Center for Tuberculosis Control, Moscow City Health Department, Moscow, Russian Federation
2Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation

Objective: Еo determine the optimal tactics of diagnosis and surgical treatment of abdominal tuberculosis (AT).

Methods: In the period from 2012 to 2018 years, 229 patients with AT were examined and operated in the Tuberculosis Surgery Department of the Clinic № 2 of the Moscow City Scientific and Practical Center for the Control of Tuberculosis. In the patient survey complex included polypositional X-ray and CT scan of the abdominal cavity and chest, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, diagnostic video-laparoscopy, laboratory and morphological methods of examinations. A total of 345 operations were performed, including relaparotomy. The surgical interventions for all patients were carried out in terms from 6 to 68 hours from the moment of disease.

Results: It was revealed that pulmonary tuberculosis was found in the vast majority of patients (n=207; 90.4%). HIV infection was also diagnosed in most patients (n=172; 75.1%). The most frequent indications for surgical treatment were peritonitis on the basis of perforations of tuberculous ulcers of various intestinal sections (n=89; 38.9%), peritoneal tuberculosis (n=52; 22.7%), acute intestinal obstruction of tubercular nature (n=56; 24.5%). These complications were the reasons for the holding of emergency or urgent operational benefits, often quite extended volume. Often, the diagnosis of AT in most patients was established on the basis of intraoperative findings. Assume the tuberculous nature of an urgent surgical disease were only available in patients with previously diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis

Conclusions: Not timely detection of surgical complications of tuberculosis of the abdominal organs due to the erosion of symptomatic, the lack of alertness among surgeons regarding AT, defines the low efficiency of surgical treatment and the inadequacy of surgical tactics. Lethality in patients in the postoperative period remains quite high (19.2%), mainly counting patients with developed secondary peritonitis on the background of perforation of the tubercular ulcers of the intestine (28.1%). AT should be considered as a surgical problem, especially in cases of complications development. To solve the problems of early diagnosis of the patients with suspected tuberculosis of the abdominal cavity organs should be observed jointly by the surgeon and a phthisiatrician.

Keywords: Abdominal tuberculosis, peritoneal tuberculosis, ulcer perforation, HIV infection.

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Authors informations:

Plotkin Dmitriy Vladimirovich , Candidate of Medical Sciences, Employee of the Tuberculosis Surgery Department of the Clinic № 2, Moscow City Research and Practical Center for Tuberculosis Control; Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery and Radiology, Medical Faculty, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University ORCID ID 0000-0002-6659-7888

Reshetnikov Mikhail Nikolaevich , Candidate of Medical Sciences, Surgeon at the Tuberculosis Surgery Department of Clinic № 2, Moscow City Research and Practical Center for Tuberculosis Control ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4418-4601

Gafarov Umedzhon Olimdzhonovich, Candidate of Medical Sciences , Surgeon at the Tuberculosis Surgical Department of Clinic № 2, Moscow City Research and Practical Center for Tuberculosis Control

Belentseva Olga Viktorovna , Surgeon at the Tuberculosis Surgery Department of Clinic № 2, Moscow City Research and Practical Center for Tuberculosis Control

Stepanov Evgeniy Alekseevich , Candidate of Medical Sciences, Assistant of the Department of General Surgery and Radiology, Medical Faculty, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University

Sinitsyn Mikhail Valerievich , Candidate of Medical Sciences, Acting Director, Moscow City Research and Practical Center for Tuberculosis Control ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8951-5219

Address for correspondence:

Gafarov Umedjon Olimdzhonovich
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Surgeon at the Tuberculosis Surgical Department of Clinic № 2, Moscow City Research and Practical Center for Tuberculosis Contro

107014, Russian Federation, Moscow, str. Stromynka, 10

Tel.: +7 (926) 1875050

E-mail: umed_78@mail.ru

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