Pediatrics

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2018-20-1-69-72
THE INCIDENCE OF LEUKAEMIA IN KYRGYZSTAN IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS

A.A. Usenova

Department of Surgical Diseases, International Higher School of Medicine, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Objective: To study the incidence rates of acute lymphoblastic and myeloblastic leukaemia in the age category of children under 5 years.

Methods: For the period 2006-2016 were registered 175 cases of acute leucosis in the age category under 5 years in Kyrgyzstan. In 144 cases (82.9%) there was acute lymphoblastic and in 30 cases (17.1%) acute myeloblastic leukaemia.

Results: The incidence rates in the age group from one to 5 years, in both groups had higher rates compared to the age of up to 1 year. For boys under 1 year the incidence was 12.14 and at the age of 1 to 5 years – 30.76 per 1 million population, for girls these figures were equal to 7.89 and 17.76 respectively. In contrast to the incidence of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, morbidity of the incidence of acute myeloblastic leukaemia in rural areas turned out to be more than inhabitants of the city, amounting to 5.47 and 2.88 per million people, respectively.

Conclusions: The incidence of acute leukaemia in the age category under 1 year is low. The highest incidence rates are registered in the age category from one to 5 years. The incidence of acute leukaemia in boys was higher than that of girls.

Keywords: Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute myeloblastic leukaemia, infant leukaemia, standardized incidence rate.

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Authors informations:

Usenova Asel Abdumomunovna

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Surgical Diseases, International Higher School of Medicine

Address for correspondence:

Usenova Asel Abdumomunovna

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Surgical Diseases, International Higher School of Medicine

720054, Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, str. Intergelpo, 1F

Tel.: (+996) 555 677866

E-mail: usenova@gmail.com

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