Dentistry

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2018-20-1-73-76
THE STUDY OF THE DEFECTS OF THE DENTITION PREVALENCE IN THE PLANNING OF ORTHOPEDIC DENTAL HEALTH SERVICE

B.A. Abdulaev, S.K. Saburov

Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

Objective: To study the prevalence of occlusive defects in the adult population in need of prosthetics.

Methods: To determine the need for patients in orthopaedic dental care, a clinical and epidemiological examination of the teeth in 627 patients from 20 to 60 years carried out. Orthopaedic dental status assessed on the basis of a situational analysis complicated forms of caries and, respectively of removed and teeth to be removed according to the method developed by A.V. Alimsky in the Central Scientific Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Ministry of Health of Russia.

Results: Structural analysis of occlusive defects in patients observed by us, showed that in the age of 20-29 years, the enclosed defect had 42.01±2%; ending defect – 6.11±0.09%, and full defect – 0.13±0.01% of patients; at the age of 30-39 years, these indicators corresponded to 41.42±2.32%, 7.43±0.09% and 1.75±0.02%; at the age of 40-49 years, enclosed and the ending defects were 35.29±2.20% and 12.31±0.24%, respectively. In the age category 50-59 years and older, the enclosed defects occurred in 44.35±2.16%; ending – in 17.72±0.39% and full defect – in 11.31±0.09% of patients.

Conclusions: The results of the study show the need to improve orthopaedic dental care among the patients examined.

Keywords: Defects of the dentition, prevalence, improvement of orthopaedic care.

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Authors informations:

Saburov Sabur Karimovich, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Avicenna TSMU

Abdulaev Behruz Abdulaevich, Competitor of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Avicenna TSMU

Address for correspondence:

Saburov Sabur Karimovich

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Avicenna TSMU

734003, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Rudaki Ave., 139

Tel.: (+992) 985 615353

E-mail: saburov_sabur@mail.ru

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