Public Health and Preventive Medicine

doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2019-21-1-66-70
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONS SUFFERING WITH HEROIN ADDICTION

Sh.M. Gulyamov

Department of Psychiatry and Narcology named after prof. M.G. Gulyamov, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

Objective: To study and present the socio-demographic characteristics of patients with heroin addicts and its impact on the prognosis of the disease, to develop recommendations for improvement of specialized drug treatment services

Methods: The paper presents data on the study of the socio-demographic characteristics of 130 patients with heroin addiction. Such parameters as age, level of education, family, labor and social status were taken into account.

Results: The socio-demographic indicators of the studied patients testify to the spread of heroin addiction among the socially significant groups of the population, that is expressed in strengthening specific weight of young people with education and with a preserved social and labor status. It has been established that the largest proportion of patients with heroin addiction is in the age of 31-40 years (40%) with secondary education (73.9%) who do not have a permanent job (86.2%) who have not served in the army (73.9%) and married (64.6%).

Conclusion: The totality of socio-demographic indices, the most characteristic and often encountered in the present time in patients of heroin addiction allows to determine the group of risk. It should be based on preventive measures for the timely detection of persons suffering from heroin addiction. In the complex of medical and social measures on prevention of heroin addiction, along with pharmacotherapy, a significant place should occupy in the treatment of patients in the programs implemented in the country psycho-social rehabilitation and group psychotherapy programs.

Keywords: Drugs, drug addiction, heroin addiction, opioids, drug treatment.

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Authors informations:

Gulyamov Shodibek Minkhozhevich
Competitor of the Department of Psychiatry and Narcology named after prof. M.G. Gulyamov, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5352-8867
Researcher ID: D-4440-2019

Information about the source of support in the form of grants, equipment, and drugs

The authors did not receive financial support from manufacturers of medicines and medical equipment.

Conflict of interest: No conflict

Address for correspondence:

Gulyamov Shodibek Minkhozhevich
Competitor of the Department of Psychiatry and Narcology named after prof. M.G. Gulyamov, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

734003, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Rudaki Ave., 139

Tel.: +992 (902) 202210

E-mail: shodibek.gulyamov@gmail.com

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