doi: 10.25005/2074-0581-2024-26-1-86-98


1Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Imaging, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan
2Republican Scientific Oncology Center, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

The literature review evaluates the rehabilitation measures in the country's oncological institutions, assesses regulations in other countries, and scientific publications related to the rehabilitation of cancer patients. Studies were analysed using electronic databases PubMed, Medline, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, e-Library, RSL. Over 47,900 sources were found, of which 50 papers over the past ten years were selected and included in the article. The criteria for inclusion were the rehabilitation of cancer patients, stages of rehabilitation, pre-rehabilitation, nutritional support, psychological assistance, and quality of patients’ life.

Considering the urgency of the problem, WHO 2017 took the initiative and adopted the Rehabilitation 2030 program, which provides expanding global access to high-quality rehabilitation as an essential health service for people with non-communicable diseases. According to summarized data, rehabilitation is based on the following principles: stage-by-stage process, consistency, complexity, and individual approach. The stages of medical rehabilitation of cancer patients include pre-rehabilitation; stage I – a period of specialized treatment; stage II – rehabilitation in a hospital setting after discharge; and stage III – early and late rehabilitation periods.

An analysis of the situation in Tajikistan showed that in oncology-related institutions, rehabilitation of cancer patients is carried out within the framework of existing protocols for individual nosology, where a set of measures for the stages of rehabilitation is not sufficiently developed. A practical assessment of the effectiveness of rehabilitation is not set up. The stereotype about limiting the use of physiotherapy and sanatorium-resort treatment for cancer patients persists. There are no regulations for comprehensive rehabilitation of cancer patients. The need to optimize treatment results, prolong the survival of patients with various functional disorders, and improve the quality of life dictates the necessity for the development and systematic implementation of comprehensive rehabilitation of cancer patients.

Keywords: Cancer patients, rehabilitation, stages of rehabilitation, pre-rehabilitation, nutritional support, psychological assistance, quality of life.

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Authors' information:

Sanginov Dzhumaboy Rakhmatovich
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Full Professor, Professor of the Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Imaging, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University
Researcher ID: AAH-2351-2021
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4311-3094
SPIN: 3535-1025
Author ID: 1099938

Khuseynzoda Zafar Khabibullo
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Director of Republican Scientific Oncology Center
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4823-8531
SPIN: 9316-4084
Author ID: 1111789

Gayratova Nargis Kurbonalievna
Head of the Department of Mammology and Reconstructive Surgery, Republican Scientific Oncology Center
Researcher ID: JMB-0538-2023
ORCID ID: 0009-0001-5868-8069

Niyazov Ilkhomidin Karimovich
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Imaging, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University; Head and Neck Surgical Oncologist, Republican Scientific Oncology Center
Researcher ID: AAH-2357-2021
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2361-043X
SPIN: 7650-2129
Author ID: 805452

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The authors did not receive financial support from manufacturers of medicines and medical equipment

Conflicts of interest: No conflict

Address for correspondence:

Niyazov Ilkhomidin Karimovich
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Imaging, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University; Head and Neck Surgical Oncologist, Republican Scientific Oncology Center

734026, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Sino str., 29-31

Tel.: +992 (918) 874887


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